Arthur L. Benjamin

May 24, 2014 § 18 Comments

Memorial Day is a time I think of my dad, Arthur L. Benjamin. Growing up I sometimes wished for a younger dad, but never a different one. Since I started this blog I’ve learned some new things about him. I always knew he went into selling shoes because he loved people and loved to travel, but I didn’t know that he had worked as a shoe designer and stylist for Minnehaha Moccasins (a contemporary of Minnetonka) and Golo Footwear. Before entering into the family business he also loved photography and in WWII worked as a photographer for the Army. He entertained us with his Army stories and we were in awe. Stories about following Patton around in a jeep and dinners with King Farouk.

Dad Northern Africa

He told us he had enough experience for a lifetime in those 4 years. The government kept his negatives, but he made his own prints and they were kept in his green Army photo boxes up in our hall closet. The Yalta conference and the great pyramids. He was about to be sent back to the states to teach photo intelligence when he visited Cairo on R&R. When he saw the way the army was living there, the hotel they had taken over, the villas and suffrages he decided that’s where he wanted to be. Some things though were hard to get him to talk about, like being one of the first people allowed into Dachau after it was liberated because he was Jewish. He still remembered some Arabic and used it whenever he had the chance. My grandfather told us a story about how my grandmother knew where he was when she recognized the back of him taking a picture in a photo in The New York Times.

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Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

Photo: Arthur L. Benjamin

A true Renaissance man he could play any instrument by ear and had a beautiful tenor singing voice. After the war when he lived in California he had his own radio show.

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He taught us how to make pinhole cameras and when I was older he gave me his Yashica 2 ¼ which I still have.


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Another Mystery

April 25, 2014 § 4 Comments

In the 1960’s, with a heart condition,  my grandfather retired to Florida — today he probably would have had bypass surgery and continue to work.  After my grandmother died he set up a studio in his garage and taught himself to paint. So I was surprised to find this article from Boot and Shoe Recorder Magazine. After some reading about labor relations and Puerto Rico I think it may have been around 1962 – 1963.

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Boot and Shoe Recorder. Date unknown.

Courtesy Library of Congress;Reproduction Number: HABS PR,7-SAJU,6--11

Courtesy Library of Congress;Reproduction Number: HABS PR,7-SAJU,6–11

More Treasures Discovered

April 23, 2014 § 6 Comments

My sister who lives in my grandfather’s former home in Florida found a few shoes stored in her garage. 1 pair of I. Miller, 1 pair of Daniel Green and 1 Crik-etts. The I. Miller and Daniel Green look like they’re from the 1930’s. It’s a mystery as to why he would have saved them since he didn’t leave Schwartz & Benjamin until the 1940’s and joined I. Miller in the 1950’s. They look like samples to me — too small to belong to my grandmother Rose. They may have been his designs that were copied (Patent). Unfortunately with the relentless Florida humidity the shoes are in sad shape.

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Grandpa's House

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Memorabilia

April 18, 2014 § 2 Comments

On a recent trip to visit my mother I found a case that belonged to my dad filled with family shoe memorabilia.

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I. Miller Shoe Advertisement, New York Times, April 17, 1955.

 

One of my beloved moccasins that I mentioned in my previous post was in it.

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Weejuns – The Original Penny Loafer

April 12, 2014 § 17 Comments

When I think of my favorite shoes growing up 3 come to mind. My huaraches from Mexico.  My dad taught us to stand in the bathtub with them on and then wear until dry so they could conform to your feet. My moccasins that were sent to us every year — I always thought from a friend of my dad’s at Minnetonka. I only just recently learned that my Dad had worked as a designer and stylist for Minnehaha (a contemporary or Minnetonka) in the 1950’s — one of the advantages of having a dad in the shoe business who was well liked was the shoes that came with that. Read more about my dad who would wake us up singing “there’s no business like shoe business ” —  Ode To An Older Parent And Tribute To The Veteran In My Life  by award winning Television writer sister Liz Benjamin.  It pretty much says it all.

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…and my 3rd favorite were my Penny Loafers. Going to school in Florida I  wore them without socks and always with 2 new Pennies.

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Courtesy Library of Congress, Reproduction Number: LC-USW3-039059-E (b&w film nitrate neg.) LC-DIG-fsa-8d33850 (digital file from original neg.)

 

Loafing Around | A Brief History of Fashion’s Favorite Flat

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In 1936 George Henry Bass created the first Penny Loafer based on a Norwegian farm shoe and called them Weejuns.

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Audrey Hepburn

Audrey Hepburn

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College Days. My mother is the first woman on the bottom holding the cigarette.

College Days. My mother is the first woman bottom left.

The Back Story

February 7, 2014 § 4 Comments

SHOE PATENT 7-13-37

Some of you asked me for more information on my grandfather.  Here are the events in his life leading up to the first company he helped start,  Sigman and Cohen Women’s Shoe Manufacturers of Brooklyn. The quotes are from tape-recorded conversations I made as a child when he would come over every Sunday for dinner.

Still Life - B. Benjamin

I tried to keep it as brief as possible. I’ve always been in awe of his journey from an orphan to a successful American shoe manufacturer. I only knew him as a frail old man, with a tenacious spirit who painted into his 90’s and told his grandchildren that he knew if he learned how to make shoes he would always have a job.

When I was about 8 years old my father decided to go to Belfast.  Things were bad.  Mother had a lot of children by that time. When I was 8 there must have been 6 or 7 kids. See? I was the oldest. There was a baby boy Harry. He died in Belfast as a baby. Then Aunt Dora was born in Belfast. We lived in Belfast almost 4 years. So I was 12  years old by the time we came back to London. My father got sick and the Dr. advised him to get to a dry climate. Northern Ireland is a very damp country. It could rain for 30, 40 days straight.  That’s why it’s called the emerald isle. Cause its green, because it’s got so much rain.

The doctor told his father to go to South Africa, but they couldn’t afford to and returned to The East End of London. His mother, 32 years old was pregnant again and died in childbirth when the baby was only an hour old.  His father 36, died 10 weeks later.

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Happier times. My grandfather with his parents Sam and Dinah Benjamin

Then we were gradually broken up. Those that could help us didn’t want to and those that wanted to couldn’t. That’s the way it went. The Jewish Board of Guardians was a charitable organization run by wealthy Jews in England. They paid for the funeral for my mother and father and later when my brother died – he was 14 in the orphan home, they paid for that, but you couldn’t put up a tombstone unless you paid that money back.  After I was here in this country, first time I went back to London, after I was here 18 or 19 years, went back to pay them off.  Give them the money they spent for the funeral and put tombstones up for the three of them.

Joseph Benjamin (he died in the orphanage)

Joseph Benjamin died in the orphanage

The Jewish Board of Guardian’s they take boys when they’re 14 and leave school and apprentice them to a trade.  So they did that with me and the first place they apprenticed me, they wanted me to go to a cabinetmakers shop where they made furniture. I didn’t like it so much because I had to get up at 5 in the morning.  I lived out in the suburbs.  I had to go all the way down to London to the East End of London and found it was too much and asked them to get me something else, so they put me in a shoe factory. I didn’t mind it. It was also far and awkward to get to, but there I apprenticed for 5 years. The second year I was supposed to go to another department, see?  They didn’t want to put me there. They wanted me to stay in the department I was in cause I was doing good there, satisfying them, getting the work done properly. There were 12 apprentices, it was a big plant. I said no, I’ve got an apprenticeship. I’ve got my Indentures, which is the papers that you sign to work there for 5 years and I’m suppose to go and learn this and you wouldn’t teach me that, so I left. I found myself a job in some other factory, but they forced me back.  They made me come back on the promise you live up to my agreement.  Did they live up to your agreement?  Yes they did.

Letter of Reference 1913 - Version 2

I had an old school chum and he was talking to the superintendent of a factory in Harrisburg Pennsylvania and he sent me a letter to come over there.  That’s how I come to go.

Ellis Island Ticket

Ellis Island Ticket

I had my struggles the first 2 years, see? Until your grandmother was pregnant with your father. Then she says we gotta settle down because I was going from one town to the other.  As soon as I had a job, earned some money, saved up a little, I spent it on railroad fare.

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Bronx, NY

You can’t travel around with a baby coming. We settled first in the Bronx.  We had this one room furnished apartment and I found myself a good job cutting pocket books. Bags. Never did it before in my life, but it was good money. Made more money then I could in the shoe factories. There were seasons in those days for every trade and when the seasons finished the shoe factory started to get in business. I saw an ad for a job in Brooklyn.  I went over to Brooklyn to apply for the a job in this factory and I got the job.  I liked it so I said to grandmother, I says lets move to Brooklyn. I was still Penny Pinching. I didn’t have any money. I had no money to even buy a baby carriage to take him out in the air.   There was a little park near us then and we use to carry him in our arms over to the park and we use to sit on a bench so as he had fresh air or make a bed for him on the bench.  Your Dad.

My grandmother Rose Benjamin who I never met with my dad.

My grandmother Rose Benjamin who I never met with my dad.

 

All I was trying to do was striving all the time to get enough, earn enough money to get the necessities of life.

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Then I had the opportunity to get a job in another factory where the owner was an Englishman and I got the job there cutting shoes and wasn’t working there very long when the owner sent up with his secretary a note that I should come to his house.  He wanted to know what my experience was in the trade.  He wasn’t satisfied with the Forman of that dept.  He told me he wanted to make me foreman there, see?

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Courtesy of the Library of Congress: New York from tower of Brooklyn Bridge, Date Created/Published: [between 1907 and 1915] Call Number: LOT 7163 [item] [P&P]

He says to start I’m going to make you assistant foreman. He wanted to know whether I could make patterns and I said yes.  I learned all that in England. How to make patterns, how to draw sketches and things like that. So he says I let you know whenever I’m ready. Well it took about 4 or 5 months before I heard another word from him. Then they called me down and told me they were going to make me assistant foreman.  Well the foreman didn’t like it, so in a few months he quit and I became Forman.

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I was very friendly with the other foreman.  There was one foreman who was in the packing room, he and another foreman in a factory 2 blocks down the street (DeKalb Ave.) wanted to go into business with this other man named Cohen. He was a foreman in charge of Heeling in that particular factory where he was working in.  He wanted to know whether I’d help them pick out the last and make their first patterns for them.

Dekalb Avenue - Former Shoe Factory

Dekalb Avenue – Former Shoe Factory

Click here to see the converted prewar shoe factory now condos.

I knew all about the layout of the factory.  So I said all right.  I’ll help you out.  I says I’ll make your patterns.  I’ll even cut your samples.  At that time they were making boots.  9 – 10 inch boots, some with buttons, some laced and it was quite a job to do. You have to draft the last first. See you’ve got so many different style last, high heels, or low heels and the pattern has to be made differently from a lower heeled last than a higher heel, and I did all that. I even cut the shoes. I said you get them stitched and fitted somewhere else. I can’t do no more. They rented a small loft. Enough to make 200 pair of shoes a day. I went over there and I laid out the plan for them. Showed em where to lay it out. What to do. What machines go here and what machines to buy there and said you’re on your own. They somehow got lost.  They didn’t know what do.  Would I come in with them? I said I’ve got no money to go into business.  They said we’ll give you some stock and well lend you some money to buy more stock when you come in with us. So I figured it out and finally decided to do it. Chance to break out. I told Mr. Albert I was leaving him. He says I don’t want to stop you from getting on he says but you got a tough road ahead of you, see to build up a factory in these days. I said you took a chance, I said I want a take a chance, and I did.

DKNY Fall 2013

DKNY Fall 2013

…and  some things never change.   While walking through Bloomingdales recently I spotted this DKNY boot reminiscent of the boots my grandfather made.

I also remember my dad had kept a sample of a boot from the early 1900’s in his hone office. I wonder now if that had been one of the original boots my grandfather had designed.

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